“Meadows Taylor was the first man, so far as I know, to hint implicitly at the true function of an excavator and recorder. his works show an acuteness of perception and technical competence far advance of the time. His achievement stands out as a land mark in the annals of archaeology” wordings of Wheeler on Meadows Taylor’s contributions.
Meadows Taylor was an administrator, one among the early pioneers who have adopted new scientific methods of investigation in the field and contributed for the Indian Archaeology. He was in service of the Nizam of Hyderabad.
Apart from his administrative work he had concentrated on archaeological explorations in the territories under the control of Nizam of Hyderabad. Due to the efforts of Taylor, Gulbarga region megalithic burial sites were brought on the map of Indian archaeology Above the confluence of rivers Bhima and Krishna the places namely Jevargi, Andola, Chickanahalli, Rajan Kollur and Hagaratagi were explored by him. He discovered many megalithic burials in Surapur, and excavated them during 1850s. As an excavator he not only excavated the megalithic burials also recorded the findings with accurate descriptions of their structure and contents with drawings. The drawings of plan and section that he drew clearly indicate the difference between the layers and presented a sequence of the deposits. He developed a technique of excavation far in advance of his time he was the first archaeologist to describe the stratigraphy.
works of Taylor
The excavated findings were published by Taylor in the Journal of the Bombay Branch of Royal Asiatic Society (1851), the transactions of the Royal Irish Academy and the Antiquities (1862).
Tippoo Sultaun (1840), Tara (1863), Ralph Darnell (1865), Seeta (1872), and A Noble Queen (1878), He also wrote a Student’s Manual of the History of India (1870) were some of his other works.
Today also the archaeologist acknowledge the efforts of Taylor who had developed exceptional technical methodology to unknot the hidden heritage treasures of India.
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Article by DR. S. Vasanthi – Archaeologist